High frequency electrocardiography using an advanced method of signal averaging for non-invasive detection of coronary artery disease in patients with normal conventional electrocardiogram

Shimon Abboud, Dror Sadeh, Shlomo Laniado*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability to detect coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with normal, conventional electrocardiograms (ECG) was studied using high frequency electrocardiography and an advanced method of signal averaging in three groups of subjects. Group A consisted of ten healthy subjects under the age of 30; Group B of 15 patients with chest pains and normal coronary arteries; and Group C of 20 patients with chest pains and CAD. Four hundred ECG waveforms from leads V3, V4 and V5 were recorded, and the recorded analog data were digitized. The digitized waveforms were averaged using a cross-correlation function which operates in the frequency domain (fast-Fourier transform algorithm). The signals were filtered with a digital band pass filter with 150 and 250 Hz low and high cut-off frequencies, respectively. Zones of reduced amplitude in the envelope of the filtered QRS complex of at least two precordial leads were found more significantly in patients with CAD (75%) than in patients without CAD (12% for Groups A and B, p <0.00003). However, no significant difference was found between the voltage over the high frequency QRS complex and that of its envelope between the three groups. It is concluded that the morphology of the high frequency QRS complex as determined by this advanced method of analysis of the signal averaged ECG may be a useful indicator for the presence of CAD in patients with normal conventional ECG's.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-380
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

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