High Frequency Electrocardiography of Three Orthogonal Leads in Dogs During a Coronary Artery Occlusion

SHIMON ABBOUD*, JOSEPH M. SMITH, BORIS SHARGORODSKY, SHLOMO LANIADO, DROR SADEH, RICHARD J. COHEN

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability to detect cardiac ischemia in dogs was studied using high frequency electrocardiography and signal averaging technique. Ischemia was induced via a balloon occluding cuff placed around the left anterior descending coronary artery. Three surface orthogonal bipolar leads (X, Y, and Z) were recorded prior to inflation of the occluding cuff. The cuff was then inflated, causing a complete occlusion of the coronary artery. The surface electrocardiogram was recorded before and during ligation and during reperfusion. The recorded waveforms were divided info sequential 10–15 second segments representing diferent stages of the ischemic state and were aligned using cross‐correlation scheme, averaged and band pass filtered between 150–250 Hz. Analysis of the filtered high frequency QRS complexes revealed that coronary ligation was accompanied by changes in waveform morphology including the appearance of zones of reduced amplitude. In seven out of ten experiments reduced amplitude zones were absent before the ligation, present during the occlusion and absent following reperfusion. In two experiments, reduced amplitude zones that were present prior to ligation became wider during occlusion. In one experiment no reduced amplitude zone was present during any stage of the experiment. Such zones may represent slow conduction in regions of the heart rendered ischemia during coronary Iigation. Therefore, the morphology of the high frequency QRS complex, as determined by analysis of the signal averaged electrocardiogram, may provide useful information regarding the presence of myocardial ischemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-581
Number of pages8
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1989

Keywords

  • coronary artery disease
  • electrocardiogram
  • high frequency
  • ischemia

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