We consider high-dimensional binary classification by sparse logistic regression. We propose a model/feature selection procedure based on penalized maximum likelihood with a complexity penalty on the model size and derive the non-asymptotic bounds for its misclassification excess risk. To assess its tightness, we establish the corresponding minimax lower bounds. The bounds can be reduced under the additional low-noise condition. The proposed complexity penalty is remarkably related to the Vapnik-Chervonenkis-dimension of a set of sparse linear classifiers. Implementation of any complexity penalty-based criterion, however, requires a combinatorial search over all possible models. To find a model selection procedure computationally feasible for high-dimensional data, we extend the Slope estimator for logistic regression and show that under an additional weighted restricted eigenvalue condition it is rate-optimal in the minimax sense.
- Complexity penalty
- feature selection
- misclassification excess risk