High-density lipoproteins (HDL) composition and function in preeclampsia

Yael Einbinder, Tal Biron-Shental, Moran Agassi-Zaitler, Keren Tzadikevitch-Geffen, Jacob Vaya, Soliman Khatib, Meital Ohana, Sydney Benchetrit, Tali Zitman-Gal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To evaluate (a) the properties of high-density lipoproteins (HDL)/cholesterol, which include apolipoprotein A-1 (ApoA1) and paraoxonase1 (PON1), both are negative predictors of cardiovascular risk and (b) HDL function, among women with preeclampsia (PE). PE is a multi-system disorder, characterized by onset of hypertension and proteinuria or other end-organ dysfunction in the second half of pregnancy. Preeclampsia is associated with increased risk for later cardiovascular disease. The inverse association between HDL, cholesterol levels and the risk of developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is well-established. Methods: Twenty-five pregnant women [19 with PE and 6 with normal pregnancy (NP)] were recruited during admission for delivery. HDL was isolated from blood samples. PON1 activity and HDL were analyzed. An in vitro model of endothelial cells was used to evaluate the effect of HDL on the transcription response of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) mRNA expression. Results: PON1 activity (units/ml serum) was lower in the PE group compared to normal pregnancy (NP) (6.51 ± 0.73 vs. 9.98 ± 0.54; P = 0.015). Increased ApoA1 was released from PE-HDL as compared to NP-HDL (3.54 ± 0.72 vs. 0.89 ± 0.35; P = 0.01). PE-HDL exhibited increased VCAM-1 mRNA expression and decreased eNOS mRNA expression on TNF-α stimulated endothelial cells as compared to NP-HDL. Conclusions: HDL from women with PE reduced PON1 activity and increased ApoA1 release from HDL particles. This process was associated with increased HDL diameter, suggesting impaired HDL anti-oxidant activity. These changes might contribute to higher long-term cardiovascular risks among women with PE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-413
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • ApoA1
  • HDL
  • PON1
  • Preeclampsia
  • VCAM-1
  • eNOS


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