High-current vacuum arc column motion on rail electrodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Experimental observations were made of the motion of the arc column sustained between Cu electrodes in a vacuum ambient when driven with currents of 1.5-35 kA. Arc-column velocities in the positive Amperian direction of (0.1-3.5) ×103 m/s were observed in a self-magnetic-field of approximately 50 G/kA with currents of 2-8 kA. The arc motion was observed to be erratic when a dc uniform external field of 450 G was superimposed on the self-field. When the arc was trapped between the self-field and an external nonuniform dc field, the arc located itself such that the net magnetic force upon it was zero. When the self-field exceeded the maximum external field, a transition from a constricted to a diffuse discharge was observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1885-1889
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1977

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