High CO2 concentration alleviates the block in photosynthetic electron transport in an ndhB-inactivated mutant of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942

Eduardo Marco, Nir Ohad, Rakefet Schwarz, Judy Lieman-Hurwitz, Ghana Gabay, Aaron Kaplan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The high-concentration CO2-requiring mutant N5 of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 was obtained by the insertion of a kanamycin-resistant gene at the EcoRI site, 12.4 kb upstream of rbc. The mutant is unable to accumulate inorganic carbon internally and exhibits very low apparent photosynthetic affinity for inorganic carbon but a photosynthetic Vmax similar to that of the wild type. Sequence and northern analyses showed that the insertion inactivated a gene highly homologous to ndhB, encoding subunit II of NADH dehydrogenase in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (T. Ogawa [1991] Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 88: 4275-4279). When the mutant and the wild-type cells were exposed to 5% CO2 in air, their photosynthetic electron transfer capabilities, as revealed by fluorescence and thermoluminescence measurements, were similar. On the other hand, a significant decrease in variable fluorescence was observed when the mutant (but not the wild-type) cells were exposed to low CO2 under continuous light. The same treatment also resulted in a shift (from 38-27°C) in the temperature at which the maximal thermoluminescence emission signal was obtained in the mutant but not in the wild type. These results may indicate that subunit II of NADH dehydrogenase is essential for the functional operation of the photosynthetic electron transport in Synechococcus under low but not high levels of CO2. We suggest that the inability to accumulate inorganic carbon under air conditions stems from disrupture of electron transport in this mutant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1047-1053
Number of pages7
JournalPlant Physiology
Volume101
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1993
Externally publishedYes

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