Heterogeneity of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): Monoclonal antibodies phenotyping and induction of differentiation in vitro

T. Umiel, D. Luria, B. Stark, I. J. Cohen, Y. Gozes, D. Kobiler, Y. Kodman, A. Grunspan, A. Dvir, I. Yaniv, Y. Goshen, C. Kaplinsky, R. Zaizov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fifty-eight pediatric patients with non-T acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were diagnosed and evaluated at the Sambur Center of Pediatric Hematology Oncology. At least six subtypes of non-T ALLs were identified, corresponding to the various stages of B-cell differentiation, by utilizing an extensive panel of monoclonal antibodies directed against T- B- and myeloid-cell differentiation antigens. Moreover, leukemic cells expressing the phenotype of early B cells could be driven to differentiate along the B-cell lineage to express CALLA and BL antigens and cytoplasmic and/or surface immunoglobulins (IgM). A unique phenotype of non-T ALL was also identified. These leukemic cells expressed B cell antigen exclusively, i.e., HLA/DR and B4 (CD19). Myeloid-cell antigens, however, were expressed on these cells spontaneously after a 24-hour incubation in culture medium in vitro. In addition, leukemic cells of four patients with a phenotype of HLA/DRR, CD19, and CD10 expressed antigens of the T-cell lineage: CD7 (3AI) and CD2 (Leu 5), and/or of the myeloid cell lineage (My7). These results provide confirming evidence for the wide scope of the heterogeneity of ALL. It stresses the validity of accurate classification of leukemia to identify biologically and clinically unique subtypes of ALL, which bears specific prognostic parameters; and designates therapeutic protocols.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88s-96s
JournalLeukemia
Volume2
Issue number12 SUPPL.
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

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