Heterogeneity in peritoneal transport during continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and its impact on ultrafiltration, loss of macromolecules and plasma level of proteins, lipids and lipoproteins

A. Kagan, Y. Bar-Khayim, Z. Schafer, M. Fainaru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated the effect of heterogeneity in the peritoneal transport of plasma proteins on dialysis efficiency and plasma levels of proteins, lipids and lipoproteins in 32 patients undergoing long-term continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD; 9 females and 23 males, 18-76 years old). Eleven patients were studied on several occasions (at 0-42 months) and the remainder at 6-60 months on CAPD (n=49). We have divided our patients arbitrarily into two equal groups according to their protein concentration in the peritoneal effluent at the end of an 8-hour cycle. Patients with a high peritoneal protein concentration (≥2g/l/1.73m2) have lower ultrafiltration capacity, higher glucose absorption rate and increased loss of most plasma proteins [including albumin, immunoglobulins (Ig), complement components and high-density lipoproteins (HDL)] compared to patients with a low peritoneal protein concentration (<2g/l/1.73 m2). Consequently, plasma levels of albumin, IgM and HDL were lower in patients with a high peritoneal protein concentration. The latter had also increased levels of plasma triglycerides and very-low-density lipoproteins. The difference observed in peritoneal transport between the groups could be ascribed only in part to the duration of CAPD treatment, and hence to the number of peritonitis episodes but not to medications. Therefore, we suggest that inherent constitutional factors may be responsible for some of the observed heterogeneity in the peritoneal transport of these patients which is already evident at the start of CAPD treatment. Patients with high peritoneal transport are exposed to an augmented atherogenic plasma lipid profile in addition to a reduction in dialysis efficiency (ultrafiltration failure). These patients may become prone also to nutritional and immunological disturbances. Therefore, we suggest taking these effects into consideration before choosing the appropriate dialysis modality in patients with increased peritoneal transport for plasma proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-42
Number of pages11
JournalNephron
Volume63
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  • Lipids
  • Lipoproteins
  • Peritoneal transport
  • Ultrafiltration

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