Herpetic Anterior Uveitis–Analysis of Presumed and PCR Proven Cases

Ron Neumann*, Dana Barequet, Amir Rosenblatt, Radgonde Amer, Yael Ben-Arie-Weintrob, Tamar Hareuveni-Blum, Vicktoria Vishnevskia-Dai, Eyal Raskin, Oren Blumenfeld, Shiri Shulman, Juan M. Sanchez, Victor Flores, Zohar Habot-Wilner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the demographics and clinical characteristics of patients with herpetic anterior uveitis (HAU), and compare characteristics by pathogen, recurrence, and association to iris atrophy. Methods: Multicenter, retrospective study of AU patients diagnosed clinically and by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: The study included 112 eyes in 109 patients: 54 (48.2%) HSV, 34 (30.4%) VZV, 2 (1.8%) CMV, and 22 (19.6%) unspecified diagnosis. HSV eyes, compared to VZV, had a higher recurrence rate, corneal involvement, KPs, iris atrophy, elevated IOP and posterior synechia (p < 0.05). VZV patients had more frequent immunomodulatory treatments and history of systemic herpetic disease (p < 0.05). Fifty-nine (52.7%) eyes had recurrent disease. Iris atrophy was associated with a higher prevalence of posterior synechia, dilated distorted pupil, and high IOP (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Different HAU-causing Herpesviridae produce common clinical findings; therefore, PCR should be used more often to confirm specific diagnosis. Iris atrophy was associated with more severe disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Anterior uveitis
  • CMV
  • HSV
  • PCR
  • VZV
  • cytomegalovirus
  • herpes simplex virus
  • herpetic anterior uveitis
  • polymerase chain reaction
  • varicella zoster virus

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Herpetic Anterior Uveitis–Analysis of Presumed and PCR Proven Cases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this