Herpes virus infection of the peripheral nervous system

Israel Steiner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Among the human herpes viruses, three are neurotropic and capable of producing severe neurological abnormalities: herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Both the acute, primary infection and the reactivation from the site of latent infection, the dorsal sensory ganglia, are associated with severe human morbidity and mortality. The peripheral nervous system is one of the major loci affected by these viruses. The present review details the virology and molecular biology underlying the human infection. This is followed by detailed description of the symtomatology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, course, therapy, and prognosis of disorders of the peripheral nervous system caused by these viruses.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages543-558
Number of pages16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume115
ISSN (Print)0072-9752

Keywords

  • Herpes simplex virus
  • Herpes viruses
  • Latent infection
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Varicella-zoster virus

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