Hepcidin, soluble transferrin receptor and IL-6 levels in obese children and adolescents with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus/impaired glucose tolerance and their association with obstructive sleep apnea

S. Shalitin, V. Deutsch, R. Tauman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are associated with chronic low-grade inflammation. Iron metabolism is linked with insulin-resistant states and with OSA in adults. The association of body iron status with T2DM in children remains undefined. We aimed to evaluate plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), hepcidin, and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels in obese patients with T2DM or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and in those without, and the contribution of OSA to their levels. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, obese children and adolescents with and without T2DM/IGT underwent overnight polysomnography. Fasting plasma concentrations of IL-6, hepcidin, and sTfR were measured and evaluated according to glycemic status (T2DM/IGT and normal glucose tolerance) and the presence of OSA. Results: Ten patients with T2DM (age 15.9 ± 3.6 years), 8 with IGT (age 13.1 ± 2.5 years) and 20 subjects with normal glucose tolerance matched for body mass index standard deviation score (age 12.6 ± 3.3 years) were studied. Sleep measures or IL-6, hepcidin, and sTfR levels were not significantly different between the group with T2DM/IGT vs. the control group. No significant differences were found in hepcidin or sTfR levels between patients with OSA and those without. However, patients with OSA showed higher plasma IL-6 values compared with those without (4.56 ± 2.92 vs. 2.83 ± 1.54 pg/ml, P = 0.025), and the highest values were evident in patients affected by both T2DM/IGT and OSA. Conclusions: Higher IL-6 levels were associated with both glycemic status and OSA. No differences in body iron regulator levels were found in obese patients with T2DM/IGT compared to those without or in those with OSA compared to those without. Further longitudinal studies in larger population samples are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-975
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Endocrinological Investigation
Volume41
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Hepcidin
  • IL-6
  • Impaired glucose tolerance
  • Obesity
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR)
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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