Hemispheric asymmetry of rapid chloride responses to inositol trisphosphate and calcium in Xenopus oocytes

Monica Lupu-Meiri, Hagit Shapira, Yoram Oron*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Shallow injection of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) near the animal pole of the Xenopus oocyte resulted in a large depolarizing current that decayed rapidly. A similar injection near the vegetal pole produced a much smaller response characterized by a significantly slower rate of decay. Injection of CaCl2 near the animal pole of the oocyte resulted in a large depolarizing current characterized by rapid rise and decay times. Injection near the vegetal pole of the cell produced responses that exhibited similar amplitudes but much longer rise and decay times. The protein kinase C (PK-C) activator, β-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), significantly enhanced the rapid responses to IP3 injections at either hemisphere but did not affect the amplitudes of the responses to CaCl2. The PK-C inhibitor 1-(5-isoquinolinylsulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7) had no effect on the responses to CaCl2. These results imply an asymmetric distribution of calcium stores and chloride channels between the two hemispheres of the oocyte.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-87
Number of pages5
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume240
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Nov 1988

Keywords

  • (Xenopus)
  • Ca
  • Cl channel
  • Inositol trisphosphate
  • Oocyte

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