Hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation from unrelated donors in elderly patients (age>55 years) with hematologic malignancies: Older age is no longer a contraindication when using reduced intensity conditioning

A. Shimoni, N. Kröger, T. Zabelina, F. Ayuk, I. Hardan, M. Yeshurun, N. Shem-Tov, A. Avigdor, I. Ben-Bassat, A. R. Zander, A. Nagler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) is a potentially curative approach for patients with hematological malignancies. Reduced-intensity conditioning regimens allow SCT in elderly patients; however, there are only limited data on the feasibility and outcomes of unrelated donor SCT in these patients. In this study, we analyzed, retrospectively, data of 36 patients with various hematological malignancies and median age 58 years (range, 55-66), who were given unrelated donor SCT after reduced-intensity conditioning. The preparative regimen consisted of fludarabine combined with oral busulfan (8 mg/kg, n=8, intravenous busulfan (6.4 mg/kg, n=11), treosulfan (30 g/m2, n=5) or melphalan (100-150 mg/m2, n=12). Patients were also given serotherapy, ATG (n=32), or alemtuzumab (n=4). The probabilities of overall survival, disease-free survival, and nonrelapse mortality at 1 year after SCT were 52, 43, and 39%, respectively. Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grade II-IV and chronic GVHD occurred in 31 and 45%, respectively. Multivariable analysis determined that survival rates were higher in patients with chemosensitive disease (HR 4.5), and patients conditioned with intravenous busulfan or treosulfan (HR 3.9). Unrelated donor SCT is feasible in elderly patients, with outcomes that are similar to younger patients. Favorable outcome was observed in patients with myeloid malignancies, and those transplanted in remission and early in the course of disease. Age alone should not be considered a contraindication to unrelated donor SCT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-12
Number of pages6
JournalLeukemia
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Matched unrelated donor
  • Nonmyeloablative
  • Reduced intensity
  • Stem cell transplantation

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