Helicobacter pylori infection amongst Arab Israeli women with hyperemesis gravidarum-a prospective, controlled study

Doron Boltin*, Tsachi Tsadok Perets, Sami Abu Elheiga, Asher Sharony, Yaron Niv, Hussein Shamaly, Ram Dickman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Helicobacter pylori has been associated with hyperemesis gravidarum in some geographical regions. The prevalence of H. pylori in Arab Israeli women in the Upper Galilee and its association with hyperemesis gravidarum has not been studied previously. We aimed to examine if hyperemesis gravidarum is associated with H. pylori in this population. Methods: Subjects with hyperemesis gravidarum carrying a singleton fetus were recruited prospectively. Women with an uncomplicated pregnancy served as controls. All patients underwent 13C-urea breath testing to assess for H. pylori infection. Results: A total of 72 subjects, including 24 patients with hyperemesis gravidarum and 48 controls, aged 28.8 ± 5.3 years, were included. H. pylori infection was identified in 75.0% (18/24) of cases and 60.4% (29/48) of controls (p = not significant). H. pylori infection did not correlate with age, fetal sex, or the number of previous pregnancies (p = not significant). Conclusion: H. pylori does not seem to increase the likelihood of hyperemesis gravidarum in Arab Israeli women. However, given the high background prevalence of H. pylori in this population, a larger study is required to corroborate these findings. (MOH20110066).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e292-e295
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume29
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2014

Keywords

  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Hyperemesis gravidarum
  • Pregnancy
  • Vomiting

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