Heart valve calcification in young patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: A window to premature atherosclerotic vascular morbidity and a risk factor for all-cause mortality

Yair Molad*, Nomi Levin-Iaina, Mordehay Vaturi, Jaqueline Sulkes, Alex Sagie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between heart valve calcification and atherosclerosis and outcome in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). One-hundred and seven patients with SLE (mean age 45.9 ± 14.7 years) were studied by 2D transthoracic echocardiography. Mitral annulus calcification (MAC) was detected in 24 patients (22.6%) and aortic valve calcification (AVC) in 22 (20.1%). Both MAC and AVC were associated with older age (r = 0.2, p = 0.02; r = 0.40, p ≤ 0.001, respectively), high SLE damage index (r = 0.3, p = 0.005; r = 0.40, p = 0.001, respectively), diabetes mellitus (r = 0.2, p = 0.05; r = 0.3, p = 0.003, respectively), hyperlipidemia (r = 0.03, p = 0.01; r = 0.03, p = 0.001, respectively), hypertension (r = 0.20, p = 0.07; r = 0.20, p = 0.08, respectively), serum IgA isotype of anticardiolipin antibody (r = 0.03, p = 0.03; r = 0.04, p = 0.02, respectively), increased serum creatinine (r = 0.03, p = 0.0005; r = 0.12, p = 0.02, respectively), and stroke (r = 0.3, p = 0.0008; r = 0.35, p = 0.0002, respectively). In addition, MAC was associated with coronary artery disease (r = 0.2, p = 0.05). Both MAC and AVC were significantly associated with death during the follow-up period (n = 9, 8.6%) (r = 0.20, p = 0.05; r = 0.20, p = 0.03, respectively). On stepwise logistic regression analysis, MAC and AVC are independently associated with hyperlipidemia and antiphospholipid antibodies. In conclusion, MAC and AVC are prevalent among young SLE patients, positively correlate with premature diffuse atherosclerosis, and are a risk factor for subsequent all-cause mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-412
Number of pages7
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume185
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Keywords

  • Aortic valve calcification
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Hydroxychloroquine
  • Mitral annular calcification
  • Mortality
  • SLICC/ACR damage index
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

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