The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an intraoperative monitoring hearing preservation strategy that includes simultaneous recordings of an auditory brainstem response (ABR) and non-invasive electrocochleography (ECochG). The combined ABR and tympanic membrane (TM) ECochG testing was performed in 74 patients undergoing acoustic neuroma (AN) surgery. In addition, EMG recordings were conducted to monitor the facial nerve function. Hearing was preserved in 19 of the 30 patients with residual hearing prior to surgery (63%), and facial nerve function was maintained in 89% of the patients. In most cases, the presence of both auditory brainstem and TM-ECochG responses at the end of surgery was associated with preservation of postoperative functional hearing; however, eight patients had a TM-ECochG response with a complete loss of the ABR, pointing to deafferentation of the auditory nerve. Tumour size and preoperative hearing thresholds significantly affected the postoperative hearing. The TM-ECochG response yielded large reproducible responses, which, in some patients, was the only way to monitor the auditory function. This auditory monitoring approach offers a valuable auditory tool that helps to improve the hearing preservation during AN surgery.
- Auditory brainstem response (ABR)
- Extratympanic ECochG
- Facial tumour size
- Intraoperative monitoring