Head position and vacuum-assisted delivery using the Kiwi Omnicup

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the association between fetal head position during prevacuum assessment and adverse outcomes. Method: This retrospective cohort study included all vacuum-assisted deliveries using the Kiwi Omnicup over 5 years. Primary outcomes were third- or fourth-degree perineal tear, pH < 7.1, and subgaleal hematoma (SGH). AGAR, neonatal intensive care unit admission, cephalohematoma, Erb's palsy, third-stage duration, and postpartum hemorrhage were secondary. Outcomes were compared between the occiput posterior (OP) and occiput anterior (OA) positions. Results: The study included 1960 patients. OP position was more likely to involve epidural analgesia (311 [82.5%] vs. 1216 [77%], P = 0.020), higher fetal head station (P = 0.001), higher percentage of cup detachments (121 cases [32.1%] vs. 307 [19.4%], P = 0.001), and longer procedure (5.5 ± 3.7 min vs. 4.7 ± 2.8 min, P = 0.001). OP was associated with umbilical cord pH < 7.1 (21 [5.5%] vs. 52 [3.9%], P = 0.032), NICU admissions (16 [4.2%] vs. 38 [2.4%], P = 0.049), SGH (18 [4.8%] vs. 38 [2.4%], P = 0.013), and high-degree perineal tears (12 [3.2%] vs. 26 [1.7%], with borderline significance, P = 0.051). SGH and high-grade tears remained significantly associated with OP position (P = 0.008 and P = 0.016, respectively) after adjusting for maternal age, nulliparity, diabetes, epidural anesthesia, preprocedure head station, and birth weight. Conclusion: OP position is an independent risk-factor for anal sphincter injury and SGH during vacuum-assisted delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)836-841
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume160
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Kiwi Omnicup
  • adverse maternal outcomes
  • adverse neonatal outcomes
  • occiput posterior
  • vacuum-assisted delivery

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