We report the discovery of a massive (Mp, = 9.04 ±0.50 MJ) planet transiting the bright (V = 8.7) F8 star HD 147506, with an orbital period of 5.63341 ±0.00013 days and an eccentricity of e = 0.520 ±0.010. From the transit light curve we determine that the radius of the planet is Rp = 0.982-0.105+0.038 R J. HD 147506b (also coined HAT-P-2b) has a mass about 9 times the average mass of previously known transiting exoplanets and a density of ρρ ≈12 g cm-3, greater than that of rocky planets like the Earth. Its mass and radius are marginally consistent with theories of structure of massive giant planets composed of pure H and He, and accounting for them may require a large (≳100 M⊕) core. The high eccentricity causes a ninefold variation of insolation of the planet between peri- and apastron. Using follow-up photometry, we find that the center of transit is Tmid = 2,454,212.8559 ± 0.0007 ( HJD) and the transit duration is 0.177 ± 0.002 days.
- Planetary systems
- Stars: individual (HD 147506)