Harmonic loads classification by means of currents' physical components

Yuval Beck*, Ram Machlev

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Electric load identification and classification for smart grid environment can improve the power service for both consumers and producers. The main concept of electric load identification and classification is to disaggregate various loads and categorize them. In this paper, a new practical method for electric load identification and classification is presented. The method is based on using a power monitor to analyze a real measured current waveform of a grid-connected device. A set number of features is extracted using the currents' physical components-based power theory decomposition. Using currents' physical components ensures a constant number of features, which maintains the signal's characteristics regardless of the harmonic content. These features are used to train a supervised classifier based on two techniques: artificial neural network and nearest neighbor search. The theory is outlined, and experimental results are shown. This paper demonstrates high accuracy performance in identifying an electric load from a designated database. Furthermore, the results show a definite classification of an untrained operation state of a device to the closest trained operation state, for example, the excitation angle of a dimmer. In a comparative study, the method is shown to outperform other state-of-the-art techniques, which are based on harmonic components.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4137
Issue number21
StatePublished - 30 Oct 2019


FundersFunder number
Chief Scientist of the Israel
Israel Smart Grid Consortium


    • Artificial neural network (ANN)
    • Currents' physical components (CPC)
    • Electric load identification and classification
    • Feature extraction
    • Nearest neighbor


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