Hardiness: An examination of its relationship with positive and negative long term changes following trauma

Mark Waysman*, Joseph Schwarzwald, Zahava Solomon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

131 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two models positing direct versus moderating effects of hardiness were examined in relation to long term positive and negative changes following exposure to traumatic stress. Participating in the study were 164 Israeli POWs and a matched group of 184 veterans of the 1973 Yom Kippur War. Participants completed a battery of questionnaires that included the Personal Views Survey (hardiness); the Trait, Attitude, and Behavior Change questionnaire; and questions related to their captivity/war experiences. Findings were consistent with a model that posits moderating effects of hardiness on both long term negative and positive changes. The discussion addresses the possible role of hardiness in relation to negative and positive outcomes of traumatic events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-548
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Funding

FundersFunder number
Histadrut’s Ben Gurion Fund

    Keywords

    • Hardiness
    • Negative changes
    • Positive changes
    • Trauma

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Hardiness: An examination of its relationship with positive and negative long term changes following trauma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this