Harassing Under the Influence: The Prevalence of Male Heavy Drinking, the Embeddedness of Permissive Workplace Drinking Norms, and the Gender Harassment of Female Coworkers

Samuel B. Bacharach, Peter A. Bamberger*, Valerie M. McKinney

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Drawing from the literature linking alcohol consumption and aggressive behavior, the authors examine the degree to which the risk of gender harassment toward female workers may be associated with the drinking behaviors and perceived workplace drinking norms of their male coworkers. Using multilevel analyses to examine data from 1,301 workers (including 262 women employed in 58 work units in the manufacturing, service and construction sectors), our findings indicate that, even when controlling for a variety of other demographic and unit-level factors, there is a significant association between the proportion of males in a work unit identified as being heavy or "at-risk" drinkers and the probability of gender harassment toward unit females. Our findings further indicate that this association is amplified as a function of the embeddedness of permissive workplace drinking norms among males' referent others.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-250
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Occupational Health Psychology
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • alcoholism
  • drinking cultures
  • gender and diversity
  • multilevel analysis
  • sexual harassment

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