Guided Bone Regeneration with Ammoniomethacrylate-Based Barrier Membranes in a Radial Defect Model

David Kirmayer, Ada Grin, Julia Gefter, Michael Friedman, Jacob Rachmilewitz, Rami Mosheiff, Ron Kenett, Amal Khoury*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Large bone defects pose an unsolved challenge for orthopedic surgeons. Our group has previously reported the construction of a barrier membrane made of ammoniomethacrylate copolymer USP (AMCA), which supports the adhesion, proliferation, and osteoblastic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). In this study, we report the use of AMCA membranes to seclude critical segmental defect (1.0 cm) created in the middle third of rabbit radius and test the efficiency of bone regeneration. Bone regeneration was assessed by radiography, biweekly for 8 weeks. The results were verified by histology and micro-CT at the end of the follow-up. The AMCA membranes were found superior to no treatment in terms of new bone formation in the defect, bone volume, callus surface area normalized to total volume, and the number of bone trabeculae, after eight weeks. Additional factors were then assessed, and these included the addition of simvastatin to the membrane, coating the membrane with human MSC, and a combination of those. The addition of simvastatin to the membranes demonstrated a stronger effect at a similar radiological follow-up. We conclude that AMCA barrier membranes per se and simvastatin delivered in a controlled manner improve bone regeneration outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5905740
JournalBioMed Research International
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


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