Groundwater remediation by in-situ membrane ozonation: Removal of aliphatic 1,4-dioxane and monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Emil Bein, Giulia Pasquazzo, Anwar Dawas, Yinon Yecheskel, Ines Zucker, Jörg E. Drewes, Uwe Hübner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Groundwater contamination by widespread and persistent organic compounds requires extensive treatment efforts, for example by in-situ chemical oxidation (ISCO). In this study, we investigated ozone mass transfer and removal mechanisms of ozone-resistant monocyclic aromatic and non-aromatic compounds in a novel in-situ treatment method using ozone-permeable membranes as reactive barrier. Initial batch experiments confirmed fast depletion of ozone in presence of sub-stoichiometric benzoic acid (BA), in contrast to the non-aromatic 1,4-dioxane (DIOX), where ozone depleted much slower. Simulated in-situ membrane ozonation treatment of contaminated groundwater led to lower removal of 5 mg L−1 BA (52.7%) compared to DIOX (60.6%). Inhibited removal of BA compared to additional batch experiments could be explained by quick depletion of ozone by reactive intermediates on the membrane surface. Surprisingly, reactive porous media did not lead to substantial changes of in-situ DIOX oxidation, although a stronger impact of the media on DIOX oxidation was hypothesized. Furthermore, experimental ozone mass transfer coefficients were determined (3.94∙10−7 – 3.12∙10−6 m s−1) and compared to modeled values for different membrane types (polydimethylsiloxane and polytetrafluoroethylene). Finally, a mathematical model based on mass transfer data was developed to support upscaling efforts. We concluded that contaminant properties are crucial for the feasibility assessment of in-situ ozone membrane treatment technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111945
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2024


FundersFunder number
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
Ministry of Science and Technology02WIL1523, 3–15878
Ministry of Science and Technology


    • Groundwater remediation
    • In-situ chemical oxidation
    • Membrane contactors
    • Ozonation


    Dive into the research topics of 'Groundwater remediation by in-situ membrane ozonation: Removal of aliphatic 1,4-dioxane and monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this