Gonadotropin secretion from perifused tilapia pituitary in relation to gonadotropin-releasing hormone, extracellular calcium, and activation of protein kinase C

Berta Levavi-Sivan, Zvi Yaron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gonadotropin (taGTH) secretion from perifused fragments of tilapia pituitaries was stimulated in a dose-dependent manner by an analog of gonadotropin-releasing hormone ([d-Ala6] des Gly10 ethylamide LHRH; GnRHa) in a dose range of 1.28 to 128 pM. The baseline secretion rate and taGTH secretion in response to GnRHa were both reduced when the perifusion medium lacked Ca2+. Calcium ionophore (A23187; 0.1 mM mimicked the effect of GnRHa but only in the presence of Ca2+. The addition of cobalt chloride to the medium at 0.6 mM initially caused an increase in taGTH secretion which was followed by its decrease. At a CoCl2 concentration of 1.3 mM, the baseline secretion rate remained low and the effect of GnRHa on taGTH secretion was attenuated. Withdrawal of CoCl2 from the medium was followed by an elevated basal secretion rate. Five-minute pulses of the protein kinase C activator, 1 oleyl-2-acetyl-rac-glycerol (OAG; 0.25 to 10.4 mM) stimulated taGTH secretion in the presence of Ca2+. With the reservation that the experiments were performed on fragments containing more than one pituitary cell type, the results indicate that the stimulation of GTH secretion in this fish is dependent, as in mammals, on extracellular Ca2+ and probably involves the activation of protein kinase C. However, the fact that taGTH may be stimulated to some extent in the absence of extracellular calcium or in the presence of 1.3 mM Co2+ may point to the possibility that Ca2+ is mobilized from intracellular stores as a result of GnRH stimulation or to the involvement of an additional mechanism of GnRH action in fish independent of calcium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-194
Number of pages8
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1989

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