Gold micro-shunt implants versus ahmed glaucoma valve: Long-term outcomes of a prospective randomized clinical trial

Alon Skaat*, Oded Sagiv, Michael Kinori, Guy J.Ben Simon, Modi Goldenfeld, Shlomo Melamed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To compare long-term outcomes of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV), 24 μm Gold Micro-Shunt (GMS), and 48 μm GMS implantation for treatment of refractory glaucoma. Patients and Methods: This was a 3-armed randomized interventional prospective clinical trial. Within an institutional setting, 29 adults (29 eyes) with refractory glaucoma [mean baseline intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥22mm Hg on maximal medication, status post at least 1 failed trabeculectomy, defined visual field defect, and without recent glaucoma-related surgery] were randomly assigned to AGV, 24 μm GMS, or 48μm GMS implantation. Exclusion criteria included uveitic, traumatic, or neovascular glaucoma. The 3 groups were comparatively evaluated preoperatively and 1, 2, 3, and 5 years postoperatively for IOP and numbers of glaucoma medications needed. Main outcome measures were implant survival rates. Results of the 24 and 48 μm GMS groups were also compared separately. Results: In all groups the final IOP (in μm Hg) was significantly lower than the preoperative IOP (17.3±2.6 vs. 33.5±6.7, P=0.004; 17.8±2.4 vs. 25.7±0.7, P=0.0001; and 19.6±5.2 vs. 35.6±2.2, P=0.0001 in the AGV, 24 μm GMS, and 48 μm GMS groups, respectively). Differences between initial and final mean numbers of medications were not significant. Cumulative probabilities of success at 5 years were 77.8%, 77.8%, and 72.7%, respectively. Conclusions: During long-term follow-up, success rates in the 2 GMS groups and the AGV group were similar. Likewise, IOP reduction and the need for continued glaucoma medical therapy remained high and were similar for all devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Issue number2
StatePublished - 28 Jan 2016


  • Ahmed glaucoma valve
  • Gold Micro-Shunt
  • Open-angle glaucoma


Dive into the research topics of 'Gold micro-shunt implants versus ahmed glaucoma valve: Long-term outcomes of a prospective randomized clinical trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this