Glycemic control and clinic attendance of emerging adults with type 1 diabetes at a transition care clinic

Y. Levy-Shraga*, N. Elisha, M. Ben-Ami, V. Boyko, L. Lerner-Geva, T. Ziv, N. Konvalina, O. Cohen, O. Pinhas-Hamiel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Emerging adulthood is a challenging period for diabetes management. Our aim was to determine whether a dedicated transition clinic for emerging adults with type 1 diabetes can improve glycemic control and visit attendance. Methods: An observational study of 53 emerging adults (30 males) treated during 2010–2014 in a newly established transition clinic. The clinic was operated jointly by pediatric and adult endocrinologists and included a transition coordinator. Data collected included the source of referral, HbA1c levels, frequency of visit attendance, and acute complications. For 27 patients who had attended the pediatric clinic at the same medical center, data from up to 2 years preceding the transition were also collected. Patients filled the Diabetes Quality of Life–Youth questionnaire at the transition and 1 year later. Results: Mean ± SD age at the transfer to the transition clinic was 22.1 ± 2.7 years; mean disease duration was 8.4 ± 5.0 years. Follow-up duration at the transition clinic was 1.2 ± 1.1 years. Mean HbA1c levels decreased from 67 mmol/mol (95 % CI 63–72) [8.3 % (95 % CI 7.9–8.7)] at transfer to 57 mmol/mol (95 % CI 52–63) [7.4 % (95 % CI 6.9–7.9)] after 1 year (p < 0.001). Thirty-six patients (68 %) attended three or more visits during their first year in the transition clinic. The impact of diabetes on quality of life, disease-related worries, and life satisfaction did not change significantly during 1-year attendance in the transition clinic. Conclusions: A dedicated transition clinic for emerging adults, with tailored support according to the developmental needs of emerging adulthood, showed improved glycemic control and visit attendance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
JournalActa Diabetologica
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Joint clinic
  • Transition
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • Young adults

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