Glueballs as rotating folded closed strings

Jacob Sonnenschein, Dorin Weissman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Abstract: In previous papers [1, 2] we argued that mesons and baryons can be described as rotating open strings in holographic backgrounds. Now we turn to closed strings, which should be the duals of glueballs. We look at the rotating folded closed string in both flat and curved backgrounds. A basic prediction of the closed string model is that the slope of Regge trajectories is half that of open strings. We propose that a simple method to identify glueballs is to look for resonances that belong to trajectories with a slope of approximately 0.45 GeV−2, half the meson slope. We therefore look at the experimental spectra of flavorless light mesons to see if such a scheme, where some of the states are placed on open string trajectories and some on closed ones, can fit known experimental data. We look at the f0 (JP C = 0++) and f2 (2++) resonances. As there is no preference for a single scheme of sorting the different states into meson and glueball trajectories, we present several possibilities, each identifying a different state as the glueball. We supplement each scheme with predictions for the masses of excited glueballs. We show that the width of the decay into two mesons is different for glueballs and mesons thus providing a supplementary tool to distinguish between them. In addition, we look at some lattice QCD results for glueball spectra and check their compatibility with the closed string model. One of the main conclusions of this paper is that an extension of experimental data on the spectrum of flavorless hadrons is needed, in particular in the region between around 2.4 GeV and 3 GeV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11
Pages (from-to)1-43
Number of pages43
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2015


FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation1989/14
Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation2012383


    • Strings and branes phenomenology


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