Geriatric depression scale-short form-validity and reliability of the hebrew version

G. Zalsman, D. Aizenberg, M. Sigler, E. Nahshoni, A. Weizman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study evaluated the validity and reliability of the Hebrew version of the Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form (GDS-SF) in an Israeli geriatric population. Twenty-seven inpatients with a diagnosis of major depression according to the DSM-IV criteria and 21 healthy volunteers were assessed with the GDS-SF Hebrew Version, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). The GDS-SF Hebrew Version scores showed a substantial correlation with the HAM-D scores for both groups. Categorical analysis of diagnosed versus non-diagnosed depression yielded a higher sensitivity to depression in the elderly, detecting cases that the HAM-D identified as subclinical. Inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability were high, and results were not affected by mother tongue or MMSE scores. We conclude that the GDS-SF Hebrew Version is a valid and reliable rating instrument for depression in the Israeli geriatric population and may be used in clinical and epidemiological studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-9
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Gerontologist
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998


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