Geographic Automata Systems

Paul M. Torrens*, Itzhak Benenson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A novel approach to automata-based modeling for spatial systems is described: geographic automata and Geographic Automata Systems. We detail a framework that takes advantage of the formalism of automata theory and GI Science to unite cellular automata and multi-agent systems techniques, and provides a spatial approach to bottom-up modeling of complex geographic systems that are comprised of infrastructure and human objects. The suitability of the framework is also discussed with reference to existing cellular automata and multi-agent systems models used in urban studies. Practical implementation of the framework is illustrated with reference to an object-based urban simulation environment and implementation of a popular socio-spatial segregation model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-412
Number of pages28
JournalInternational Journal of Geographical Information Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2005


  • Cellular automata
  • Geographic Automata Systems
  • Geographic Information Science
  • Geographic Information Systems
  • Geosimulation
  • Multi-agent systems


Dive into the research topics of 'Geographic Automata Systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this