Genetic analysis of osteogenesis imperfecta in the Palestinian population: molecular screening of 49 affected families

Osama Essawi, Sofie Symoens, Maha Fannana, Mohammad Darwish, Mohammad Farraj, Andy Willaert, Tamer Essawi, Bert Callewaert, Anne De Paepe, Fransiska Malfait, Paul J. Coucke*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous hereditary connective tissue disorder clinically hallmarked by increased susceptibility to bone fractures. Methods: We analyzed a cohort of 77 diagnosed OI patients from 49 unrelated Palestinian families. Next-generation sequencing technology was used to screen a panel of known OI genes. Results: In 41 probands, we identified 28 different disease-causing variants of 9 different known OI genes. Eleven of the variants are novel. Ten of the 28 variants are located in COL1A1, five in COL1A2, three in BMP1, three in FKBP10, two in TMEM38B, two in P3H1, and one each in CRTAP, SERPINF1, and SERPINH1. The absence of disease-causing variants in the remaining eight probands suggests further genetic heterogeneity in OI. In general, most OI patients (90%) harbor mainly variants in type I collagen resulting in an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. However, in our cohort almost 61% (25/41) were affected with autosomal recessive OI. Moreover, we document a 21-kb genomic deletion in the TMEM38B gene identified in 29% (12/41) of the tested probands, making it the most frequent OI-causing variant in the Palestinian population. Conclusion: This is the first genetic screening of an OI cohort from the Palestinian population. Our data are important for genetic counseling of OI patients and families in highly consanguineous populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-26
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular genetics & genomic medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Autosomal dominant
  • autosomal recessive
  • next-generation sequencing
  • osteogenesis imperfecta


Dive into the research topics of 'Genetic analysis of osteogenesis imperfecta in the Palestinian population: molecular screening of 49 affected families'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this