Generation of polygonal soliton clusters and fundamental solitons in dissipative systems by necklace-ring beams with radial-azimuthal phase modulation

Yingji He, Dumitru Mihalache, Boris A. Malomed, Yunli Qiu, Zhanxu Chen, Yifang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We demonstrate that, in a two-dimensional dissipative medium described by the cubic-quintic (CQ) complex Ginzburg-Landau (CGL) equation with the viscous (spectral-filtering) term, necklace rings carrying a mixed radial-azimuthal phase modulation can evolve into polygonal or quasipolygonal stable soliton clusters, and into stable fundamental solitons. The outcome of the evolution is controlled by the depth and azimuthal anharmonicity of the phase-modulation profile, or by the radius and number of "beads" in the initial necklace ring. Threshold characteristics of the evolution of the patterns are identified and explained. Parameter regions for the formation of the stable polygonal and quasipolygonal soliton clusters, and of stable fundamental solitons, are identified. The model with the CQ terms replaced by the full saturable nonlinearity produces essentially the same set of basic dynamical scenarios; hence this set is a universal one for the CGL models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number066206
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume85
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Jun 2012

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