TY - JOUR

T1 - Generalized Formulations for Electromagnetic Scattering from Perfectly Conducting and Homogeneous Material Bodies–Theory and Numerical Solution

AU - Leviatan, Yehuda

AU - Boag, Amir

AU - Boag, Alona

PY - 1988/12

Y1 - 1988/12

N2 - Generalized E-field formulation for three-dimensional scattering from perfectly conducting bodies and generalized coupled operator equations for three-dimensional scattering from material bodies are introduced. The suggested approach is to use a fictitious electric current flowing on a mathematical surface enclosed inside the body to simulate the scattered field and, in the material case, to use in addition a fictitious electric current flowing on a mathematical surface enclosing the body to simulate the field inside the body. Application of the respective boundary conditions leads to operator equations to be solved for the unknown fictitious currents which facilitate the fields in the various regions through the magnetic vector potential integral. The existence and uniqueness of the solution are discussed. These alternative operator equations are solvable via the method of moments. In particular, impulsive expansion functions for the currents in conjunction with a point-matching testing procedure can be used without degrading the capability of the numerical solution to yield accurately near-zone and surface fields. The numerical solution is simple to execute, in most cases rapidly converging, and is general in that bodies of smooth but otherwise arbitrary surface, both lossless and lossy, can be handled effectively. Boundary condition checks to see the degree to which the required boundary conditions are satisfied at any set of points on the body surface are easily made for validating the solution. Finally, results are given and compared with available analytic solutions, which demonstrate the very good accuracy of the moment procedure.

AB - Generalized E-field formulation for three-dimensional scattering from perfectly conducting bodies and generalized coupled operator equations for three-dimensional scattering from material bodies are introduced. The suggested approach is to use a fictitious electric current flowing on a mathematical surface enclosed inside the body to simulate the scattered field and, in the material case, to use in addition a fictitious electric current flowing on a mathematical surface enclosing the body to simulate the field inside the body. Application of the respective boundary conditions leads to operator equations to be solved for the unknown fictitious currents which facilitate the fields in the various regions through the magnetic vector potential integral. The existence and uniqueness of the solution are discussed. These alternative operator equations are solvable via the method of moments. In particular, impulsive expansion functions for the currents in conjunction with a point-matching testing procedure can be used without degrading the capability of the numerical solution to yield accurately near-zone and surface fields. The numerical solution is simple to execute, in most cases rapidly converging, and is general in that bodies of smooth but otherwise arbitrary surface, both lossless and lossy, can be handled effectively. Boundary condition checks to see the degree to which the required boundary conditions are satisfied at any set of points on the body surface are easily made for validating the solution. Finally, results are given and compared with available analytic solutions, which demonstrate the very good accuracy of the moment procedure.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024178696&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/8.14394

DO - 10.1109/8.14394

M3 - מאמר

AN - SCOPUS:0024178696

VL - 36

SP - 1722

EP - 1734

JO - IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation

JF - IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation

SN - 0018-926X

IS - 12

ER -