Gender bias in academia: A lifetime problem that needs solutions

Anaïs Llorens*, Athina Tzovara, Ludovic Bellier, Ilina Bhaya-Grossman, Aurélie Bidet-Caulet, William K. Chang, Zachariah R. Cross, Rosa Dominguez-Faus, Adeen Flinker, Yvonne Fonken, Mark A. Gorenstein, Chris Holdgraf, Colin W. Hoy, Maria V. Ivanova, Richard T. Jimenez, Soyeon Jun, Julia W.Y. Kam, Celeste Kidd, Enitan Marcelle, Deborah MarcianoStephanie Martin, Nicholas E. Myers, Karita Ojala, Anat Perry, Pedro Pinheiro-Chagas, Stephanie K. Riès, Ignacio Saez, Ivan Skelin, Katarina Slama, Brooke Staveland, Danielle S. Bassett, Elizabeth A. Buffalo, Adrienne L. Fairhall, Nancy J. Kopell, Laura J. Kray, Jack J. Lin, Anna C. Nobre, Dylan Riley, Anne Kristin Solbakk, Joni D. Wallis, Xiao Jing Wang, Shlomit Yuval-Greenberg, Sabine Kastner, Robert T. Knight, Nina F. Dronkers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite increased awareness of the lack of gender equity in academia and a growing number of initiatives to address issues of diversity, change is slow, and inequalities remain. A major source of inequity is gender bias, which has a substantial negative impact on the careers, work-life balance, and mental health of underrepresented groups in science. Here, we argue that gender bias is not a single problem but manifests as a collection of distinct issues that impact researchers’ lives. We disentangle these facets and propose concrete solutions that can be adopted by individuals, academic institutions, and society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2047-2074
Number of pages28
JournalNeuron
Volume109
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Jul 2021

Funding

FundersFunder number
Brain InitiativeU19NS107609-01
Simons Collaboration for the Global Brain21560-685, RO1EY017699, RO1MH64043
National Science FoundationPHY-1554488
National Science Foundation
National Institutes of HealthOD-010425
National Institutes of Health
Office of Naval Research062349, 543057SPI, N00014-17-1-2041
Office of Naval Research
National Institute of Mental HealthR01-MH117763, R01-MH121448, P50MH109429
National Institute of Mental Health
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders1R21DC016985
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
National Institute of General Medical SciencesP01-GM118629
National Institute of General Medical Sciences
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and StrokeNS21135, U01 NS108916, U19 NS107609
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
James S. McDonnell Foundation220020448
James S. McDonnell Foundation
Universität Bern
Wellcome Trust203139/Z/16/Z, ACN 104571/Z/14/Z
Wellcome Trust
Overdeck Family Foundation
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen ForschungP300PA_174451, 320030_188737
Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Jacobs Foundation
Norges Forskningsråd262762 RITMO, 240389
Norges Forskningsråd
NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre

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