The intestine is not considered to be a classic target tissue for insulin. Recent in vitro and in vivo experiments suggest that intestinal as well as systemic effects are observed following oral administration of insulin. Local effects include enhancement of intestinal growth, cell maturation, enzyme expression, gut adaptation after intestinal resection and reduction of intestinal permeability. Systemic effects, at least in animal models, include favorable effects on blood glucose and lipid profile and on the prevention of autoimmunity and attenuating the atherosclerosic process.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
|Published - Sep 2006
- Gastroentistinal tract
- Oral insulin