Gastric Wall Thickness and the Choice of Linear Staples in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: Challenging Conventional Concepts

Yasmin Abu-Ghanem, Chanan Meydan, Lior Segev, Moshe Rubin, Orit Blumenfeld, Hadar Spivak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Little evidence is available on the choice of linear staple reloads in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Previous literature recommends matching closed staple height (CSH) to tissue-thickness (TT) to avoid ischemia. Our objective was to examine feasibility and safety of “tight” hemostatic (CSH/TT <1) stapling and map the entire gastric wall TT in LSG patients. Methods: Prospectively collected outcomes on 202 consecutive patients who underwent LSG with tight order of staples (Ethicon Endosurgery) in this order: pre-pylorus—black (CSH = 2.3 mm), antrum—green (CSH = 2.0 mm), antrum/body—blue (CSH = 1.5 mm), and white (CSH = 1.0 mm) on the body and fundus. Measurements of entire gastric wall TT were made on the first 100 patients’ gastric specimens with an electronic-dogmatic indicator. Results: Study included 147 females and 55 males with a mean age of 41.5 ± 11.9 years and body mass index of 41.5 ± 3.8 kg/m2. Gastric wall measurements revealed mean CSH/TT ratio <1, decreasing from 0.7 ± 0.1 at pre-pylorus to 0.5 ± 0.1 at the fundus. There were 3.1% mechanical failures, mainly (68%) at pre-pylorus—black reloads. Post-operative bleeding occurred in 5 (2.5%) patients. There were no leaks or clinical evidence of sleeve ischemia. Stepwise regression analysis revealed that body mass index (P < 0.001), hypertension (P < 0.01), and male gender (P < 0.001) were associated with increased gastric TT. Conclusions: Our study suggests that reloads with CSH/TT <1 in LSG including staples with CSH of 1 mm on body and fundus are safe. The results challenge the concept that tight stapling cause’s ischemia. Since tight reloads are designed to improve hemostasis, their application could have clinical benefit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-843
Number of pages7
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Closed staple height
  • Gastric wall thickness
  • Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
  • Reloads
  • Stapler

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