Galectin-3 augments K-ras activation and triggers a ras signal that attenuates ERK but not phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity

Galit Elad-Sfadia, Roni Haklai, Eyal Balan, Yoel Kloog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Depending on the cellular context, Ras can activate characteristic effectors by mechanisms still poorly understood. Promotion by galectin-1 of Ras activation of Raf-1 but not of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K) is one such mechanism. In this report, we describe a mechanism controlling selectivity of K-Ras4B (K-Ras), the most important Ras oncoprotein. We show that galectin-3 acts as a selective binding partner of activated K-Ras. Galectin-3 co-immunoprecipitated significantly better with K-Ras-GTP than with K-Ras-GDP, H-Ras, or N-Ras and colocalized with green fluorescent protein-K-Ras(G12V), not with green fluorescent protein-H-Ras(G12V), in the cell membrane. Co-transfectants of K-Ras/galectin-3, but not of H-Ras/galectin-3, exhibited enhanced and prolonged epidermal growth factor-stimulated increases in Ras-GTP, Raf-1 activity, and PI3-K activity. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activity, however, was attenuated in K-Ras/galectin-3 and in K-Ras(G12V)/galectin-3 co-transfectants. Galectin-3 antisense RNA inhibited the epidermal growth factor-stimulated increase in K-Ras-GTP but enhanced ERK activation and augmented K-Ras(G12V) transformation activity. Thus, unlike galectin-1, which prolongs Ras activation of ERK and inhibits PI3-K, K-Ras-GTP/galectin-3 interactions promote, in addition to PI3-K and Raf-1 activation, a third inhibitory signal that attenuates active ERK. These experiments established a novel and specific mechanism controlling the duration and selectivity of signals of active K-Ras, which is extremely important in many human tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34922-34930
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Aug 2004

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