Further investigations of Jupiter models

M. Podolak*, A. G.W. Cameron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In our previous investigation of Jupiter models, subject to the constraint that the hydrogen-to-helium ratio is solar, we found a need to include considerable additional mass in the form of volatilized condensates in the atmosphere and excess mass in a central core. The stricter constraints imposed by the measurement of the gravitational moments of the planet as a result of the Pioneer 10 flyby indicate that the mass of the excess volatilized condensates, assumed to be water, relative to the core mass, assumed to be rock, exceeds the ratio of the relevant elements in the solar composition. In this paper we have tested the sensitivity of this conclusion to varying assumptions about the constraints and the equation of state: in particular, to variations in the hydrogen-to-helium ratio, in the softness of the equation of state for water, in the treatment of the internal adiabat, in departures from an internal adiabat, and to variations in the temperature at the 1 bar level. The above conclusion is not changed if any of these alterations are made within reasonable limits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-634
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1975
Externally publishedYes


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