TY - JOUR

T1 - Fundamental Limitations in Passive Time-Delay Estimation—Part II

T2 - Wide-Band Systems

AU - Weinstein, Ehud

AU - Weiss, Anthony J.

PY - 1984/10

Y1 - 1984/10

N2 - This is the second part of a study which deals with the problem of passive time delay estimation. The focus here is on systems employing wide-band signals and/or arrays of very widely separated receivers. A modified (improved) version of the Ziv-Zakai lower bound (ZZLB) is used to analyze the effect of additive noise and signal ambiguities on the attainable mean-square estimation errors. When the lower bound is plotted as a function of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), one observes two distinct threshold phenomena dividing the SNR domain into three disjointed segments. At high SNR, the lower bound coincides with the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB). This is the ambiguity-free mode of operation where differential delay estimation is subject only to local errors. At moderate SNR (between the two thresholds), the lower bound exceeds the CRLB by a factor of 12(ω0/w)2where ω0and w are, respectively, the center frequency and signal bandwidth. In this region, the ambiguities in the received signal phases cannot be re-solved; however, a useful estimate of the differential delay can still be obtained using the received signal envelopes. At low SNR, the lower bound approaches a constant level depending only on the a priori search domain of the unknown delay parameter. In this region, signal observations are subject to envelope ambiguities as well, and are thus essentially useless for the delay estimation.

AB - This is the second part of a study which deals with the problem of passive time delay estimation. The focus here is on systems employing wide-band signals and/or arrays of very widely separated receivers. A modified (improved) version of the Ziv-Zakai lower bound (ZZLB) is used to analyze the effect of additive noise and signal ambiguities on the attainable mean-square estimation errors. When the lower bound is plotted as a function of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), one observes two distinct threshold phenomena dividing the SNR domain into three disjointed segments. At high SNR, the lower bound coincides with the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB). This is the ambiguity-free mode of operation where differential delay estimation is subject only to local errors. At moderate SNR (between the two thresholds), the lower bound exceeds the CRLB by a factor of 12(ω0/w)2where ω0and w are, respectively, the center frequency and signal bandwidth. In this region, the ambiguities in the received signal phases cannot be re-solved; however, a useful estimate of the differential delay can still be obtained using the received signal envelopes. At low SNR, the lower bound approaches a constant level depending only on the a priori search domain of the unknown delay parameter. In this region, signal observations are subject to envelope ambiguities as well, and are thus essentially useless for the delay estimation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021515775&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TASSP.1984.1164429

DO - 10.1109/TASSP.1984.1164429

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AN - SCOPUS:0021515775

SN - 1053-587X

VL - 32

SP - 1064

EP - 1078

JO - IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing

JF - IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing

IS - 5

ER -