Functional recovery after hip fracture in old-old elderly patients

Zeev Arinzon*, Zeev Fidelman, Aneta Zuta, Alexandr Peisakh, Yitshal N. Berner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hip fracture is epidemic and prevalence increased with advanced age. Impact of comorbid and cognitive status, gender, type of fracture, operative delay and pre-fracture ambulatory levels on functional outcome was shown in previous studies. We studied functional outcome after rehabilitation for hip fracture in old-old elderly (85 years and older) and compared it to young elderly (65-74 years) community-dwelling patients. Before the fracture, old-old elderly patients were more functional dependent, has had more comorbid diseases, and more of them live alone than young elderly. The waiting time to surgery and mean length of stay in orthopedic ward were longer than in young elderly. On admission to rehabilitation treatment, old-old patients presented with more depressed mood, were more cognitive impaired, and more suffer from pain. Old-old patients presented with laboratory data of malnutrition (decreased serum levels of albumin, cholesterol, hemoglobin, hematocrit, lymphocyte count) and inflammation (increased of transferrin and C-reactive protein). Improvement in Functional Independence Measurement (FIM) scale was found in both groups but significantly better in young elderly than in old-old elderly. The change in FIM during the rehabilitation period (ΔFIM) were in FIM total and in those parts of FIM concerning locomotion. The mean duration of rehabilitation stay was significantly longer in old-old elderly patients. On discharge old-old elderly patients more suffer from pain and difference between the groups according to the laboratory and to the cognitive data increased. Age per se is indicator of frailty and determinate functional recovery after hip fracture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-336
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Old-old elderly
  • Operated hip fracture
  • Rehabilitation
  • Young elderly

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