Functional and structural interactions between measles virus hemagglutinin and CD46

Ofer Nussbaum, Christopher C. Broder, Bernard Moss, Luli Bar Lev Stern, Shmuel Rozenblatt, Edward A. Berger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We analyzed the roles of the individual measles virus (MV) surface glycoproteins in mediating functional and structural interactions with human CD46, the primary MV receptor. On one cell population, recombinant vaccinia virus vectors were used to produce the MV hemagglutinin (H) and fusion (F) glycoproteins. As fusion partner cells, various cell types were examined, without or with human CD46 (endogenous or recombinant vaccinia virus encoded). Fusion between the two cell populations was monitored by a quantitative reporter gene activation assay and by syncytium formation. MV glycoproteins promoted fusion with primate cells but not with nonprimate cells; recombinant CD46 rendered nonprimate cells competent for MV glycoprotein-mediated fusion. Markedly different fusion specificity was observed for another morbillivirus, canine distemper virus (CDV): recombinant CDV glycoproteins promoted fusion with primate and nonprimate cells independently of CD46. Fusion by the recombinant MV and CDV glycoproteins required coexpression of H plus F in either homologous or heterologous combinations. To assess the role of H versus F in determining the CD46 dependence of MV fusion, we examined the fusion specificities of cells producing heterologous glycoprotein combinations. The specificity of H(MV) plus F(CDV) paralleled that observed for the homologous MV glycoproteins: fusion occurred with primate cells but not with nonprimate cells unless they produced recombinant CD46. By contrast, the specificity of H(CDV) plus F(MV) paralleled that for the homologous CDV glycoproteins: fusion occurred with either primate or nonprimate cells with no dependence on CD46. Thus, for both MV and CDV, fusion specificity was determined by H. In particular, the results demonstrate a functional interaction between H(MV) and CD46. Flow cytometry and antibody coprecipitation studies provided a structural correlate to this functional interaction: CD46 formed a molecular complex with H(MV) but not with F(MV) or with either CDV glycoprotein. These results highlight the critical role of the H glycoprotein in determining MV specificity for CD46-positive cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3341-3349
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume69
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1995

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