From single-molecule to genome-wide mapping of DNA lesions: repair-assisted damage detection sequencing

Noa Gilat, Dena Fridman, Hila Sharim, Sapir Margalit, Natalie R. Gassman, Yael Michaeli, Yuval Ebenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mapping DNA damage and its repair has immense potential in understanding environmental exposures, their genotoxicity, and their impact on human health. Monitoring changes in genomic stability also aids in the diagnosis of numerous DNA-related diseases, such as cancer, and assists in monitoring their progression and prognosis. Developments in recent years have enabled unprecedented sensitivity in quantifying the global DNA damage dose in cells via fluorescence-based analysis down to the single-molecule level. However, genome-wide maps of DNA damage distribution are challenging to produce. Here, we describe the localization of DNA damage and repair loci by repair-assisted damage detection sequencing (RADD-seq). Based on the enrichment of damage lesions coupled with a pull-down assay and followed by next-generation sequencing, this method is easy to perform and can produce compelling results with minimal coverage. RADD-seq enables the localization of both DNA damage and repair sites for a wide range of single-strand damage types. Using this technique, we created a genome-wide map of the oxidation DNA damage lesion 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine before and after repair. Oxidation lesions were heterogeneously distributed along the human genome, with less damage occurring in tight chromatin regions. Furthermore, we showed repair is prioritized for highly expressed, essential genes and in open chromatin regions. RADD-seq sheds light on cellular repair mechanisms and is capable of identifying genomic hotspots prone to mutation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100017
JournalBiophysical Reports
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Dec 2021

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