The second harmonic output at 770.1 nm of a novel and compact Er-Yb:glass laser was frequency stabilized against the sub-Doppler linewidth of a crossover line in the 39K 4S 1/2-4P 1/2 transition as obtained by saturation spectroscopy. Efficient frequency doubling, with a conversion efficiency of ∼220% W -1, and with second harmonic power in excess of 15 μW, was achieved in a waveguide made in a periodically poled lithium niobate crystal. As measured through the analysis of the closed-loop error signal, a laser frequency instability of ∼200 Hz was obtained; the Allan standard deviation of the frequency samples was below 4 × 10 -12 for integration times τ between 100 ms and 100 s, and reached a lowest floor level of 8 × 10 -13 for 20 s ≤ τ ≤ 100 s. The measured frequency noise spectral density was in good agreement with the analysis performed in the time domain. Compared to previously published data for stabilized solid-state laser sources in this wavelength region, these results represent a significant improvement in the frequency stability.
- 1.5-μm, potassium
- Frequency conversion (doubling)
- Frequency stability
- Solid (state) laser