Frequency of CNKSR2 mutation in the X-linked epilepsy-aphasia spectrum

John A. Damiano, Rosemary Burgess, Sara Kivity, Tally Lerman-Sagie, Zaid Afawi, Ingrid E. Scheffer, Samuel F. Berkovic, Michael S. Hildebrand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Synaptic proteins are critical to neuronal function in the brain, and their deficiency can lead to seizures and cognitive impairments. CNKSR2 (connector enhancer of KSR2) is a synaptic protein involved in Ras signaling-mediated neuronal proliferation, migration and differentiation. Mutations in the X-linked gene CNKSR2 have been described in patients with seizures and neurodevelopmental deficits, especially those affecting language. In this study, we sequenced 112 patients with phenotypes within the epilepsy-aphasia spectrum (EAS) to determine the frequency of CNKSR2 mutation within this complex set of disorders. We detected a novel nonsense mutation (c.2314 C>T; p.Arg712*) in one Ashkenazi Jewish family, the male proband of which had a severe epileptic encephalopathy with continuous spike-waves in sleep (ECSWS). His affected brother also had ECSWS with better outcome, whereas the sister had childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes. This mutation segregated in the three affected siblings in an X-linked manner, inherited from their mother who had febrile seizures. Although the frequency of point mutation is low, CNKSR2 sequencing should be considered in families with suspected X-linked EAS because of the specific genetic counseling implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e40-e43
JournalEpilepsia
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CNKSR2
  • Developmental delay
  • Epilepsy-aphasia spectrum
  • Sanger sequencing
  • Speech delay

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