Fourth universal definition of myocardial infarction (2018)

Kristian Thygesen*, Joseph S. Alpert, Allan S. Jaffe, Bernard R. Chaitman, Jeroen J. Bax, David A. Morrow, Harvey D. White, Hans Mickley, Filippo Crea, Frans Van De Werf, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Hugo A. Katus, Fausto J. Pinto, Elliott M. Antman, Christian W. Hamm, Raffaele De Caterina, James L. Januzzi, Fred S. Apple, Maria Angeles Alonso Garcia, S. Richard UnderwoodJohn M. Canty, Alexander R. Lyon, P. J. Devereaux, Jose Luis Zamorano, Bertil Lindahl, William S. Weintraub, L. Kristin Newby, Renu Virmani, Pascal Vranckx, Don Cutlip, Raymond J. Gibbons, Sidney C. Smith, Dan Atar, Russell V. Luepker, Rose Marie Robertson, Robert O. Bonow, P. Gabriel Steg, Patrick T. O’Gara, Keith A.A. Fox, David Hasdai, Victor Aboyans, Stephan Achenbach, Stefan Agewall, Thomas Alexander, Alvaro Avezum, Emanuele Barbato, Jean Pierre Bassand, Eric Bates, John A. Bittl, Güenter Breithardt, Héctor Bueno, Raffaele Bugiardini, Mauricio G. Cohen, George Dangas, James A. De Lemos, Victoria Delgado, Gerasimos Filippatos, Edward Fry, Christopher B. Granger, Sigrun Halvorsen, Mark A. Hlatky, Borja Ibanez, Stefan James, Adnan Kastrati, Christophe Leclercq, Kenneth W. Mahaffey, Laxmi Mehta, Christian Müller, Carlo Patrono, Massimo Francesco Piepoli, Daniel Piñeiro, Marco Roffi, Andrea Rubboli, Samin Sharma, Iain A. Simpson, Michael Tendera, Marco Valgimigli, Allard C. Van Der Wal, Stephan Windecker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1738 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-269
Number of pages33
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Jan 2019

Funding

FundersFunder number
AHA Council on Epidemiology and Prevention
AHA Statistics Committee
Belgian Society of Cardiology
Danish Society of Cardiology
Estonian Society of Cardiology
European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Epidemiology and Prevention
Finnish Cardiac Society
French Society of Cardiology
German Cardiac Society
Hellenic Society of Cardiology
International Society and Federation of Cardiology
Israel Heart Society
Italian Federation of Cardiology
Polish Cardiac Society
World Heart Federation
World Heart Federation Council on Epidemiology and Prevention
World Heart Foundation
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
American Heart Association
American Historical Association
World Health Organization
National Center for Advancing Translational SciencesUL1TR001412
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences
Accident Compensation Corporation
Wound Healing Foundation
European Society of Cardiology
Egyptian Society of Cardiology

    Keywords

    • Cardiac procedural myocardial injury
    • Cardiac troponin
    • Expert Consensus Document
    • High sensitivity cardiac troponin
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA)
    • Myocardial injury
    • Prior myocardial infarction
    • Re-infarction
    • Recurrent myocardial infarction
    • Silent myocardial infarction
    • Takotsubo syndrome
    • Type 1 MI
    • Type 2 MI
    • Type 3 MI
    • Type 4a MI
    • Type 4b MI
    • Type 4c MI
    • Type 5 MI

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