Ultrafast imaging based on coherent plane-wave compounding is one of the most important recent developments in medical ultrasound. It significantly improves the image quality and allows for much faster image acquisition. This technique, however, requires large computational load motivating methods for sampling and processing rate reduction. In this work, we extend the recently proposed frequency-domain beamforming (FDBF) framework to plane-wave imaging. Beamforming in frequency yields the same image quality while using fewer samples. It achieves at least fourfold sampling and processing rate reduction by avoiding oversampling required by standard processing. To further reduce the rate, we exploit the structure of the beamformed signal and use compressed sensing methods to recover the beamformed signal from its partial frequency data obtained at a sub-Nyquist rate. Our approach obtains tenfold rate reduction compared with standard time-domain processing. We verify performance in terms of spatial resolution and contrast based on the scans of a tissue mimicking the phantom obtained by a commercial Aixplorer system. In addition, in vivo carotid and thyroid scans processed using standard beamforming and FDBF are presented for qualitative evaluation and visual comparison. Finally, we demonstrate the use of FDBF for shear-wave elastography by generating velocity maps from the beamformed data processed at sub-Nyquist rates.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control|
|State||Published - Oct 2018|
- Array processing
- beamforming compressed sensing (CS)
- plane wave