Four-Year Survival Comparison of Endothelial Keratoplasty Techniques in Patients With Previous Glaucoma Surgery

Sara Alshaker, Michael Mimouni, Hatim Batawi, Eyal Cohen, Tanya Trinh, Gisella Santaella, Clara C. Chan, Allan R. Slomovic, David S. Rootman, Nir Sorkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare 4-year survival outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) and Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in eyes with previous glaucoma surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective, comparative case series, including patients with previous trabeculectomy or glaucoma drainage device implantation, who later underwent either DMEK (n = 48) or DSAEK (n = 41). Follow-up was limited to 12 to 60 months to prevent bias. Primary outcomes were graft survival and rejection. Secondary outcomes were best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), detachment/rebubble, endothelial cell loss, and intraocular pressure elevations. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics, follow-up duration, and preexisting glaucoma parameters did not differ significantly between the groups. Graft survival probability after DMEK and DSAEK was 75% and 75% at 1 year, 63% and 50% at 2 years, 49% and 44% at 3 years, 28% and 33% at 4 years, and 28% and 29% at 5 years, respectively (P = 0.899 between the groups). Graft rejection rates were 20.8% and 19.5%, respectively (P = 1.000). Primary failure, rebubbling, endothelial cell loss, and intraocular pressure elevation did not differ significantly between the groups. Preoperative BSCVA did not differ between the groups (P = 0.821). Postoperative BSCVA was significantly better in the DMEK group at 6, 12, and 24 months (P < 0.001, P = 0.022, and P = 0.047, respectively). In a multivariable model (R2 = 0.576), the type of surgery was the only significant factor affecting postoperative BSCVA, in favor of DMEK (coefficient value -0.518, P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In eyes with previous glaucoma surgery, DMEK and DSAEK had comparably low survival and comparably high rejection rates. Postoperative visual acuity might be better after DMEK in this setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1282-1289
Number of pages8
JournalCornea
Volume40
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021

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