Reduction of O2 molecule to superoxide radical, O2•-, in the photosynthetic electron transport chain is the first step of hydrogen peroxide, H2O2, production in chloroplasts in the light. The mechanisms of O2 reduction by ferredoxin, by the components of the plastoquinone pool, and by the electron transfer cofactors in PSI are analysed. The data indicating that O2•- and H2O2 can be produced both outside and within thylakoid membrane are presented. The H2O2 production in the chloroplast stroma is described as a result of either dismutation of O2•- or its reduction by stromal reductants. Formation of H2O2 within thylakoid membrane in the reaction of O2•- with plastohydroquinone is examined. The significance of both ways of H2O2 formation for specificity of the signal being sent by photosynthetic electron transport chain to cell adaptation systems is discussed.
- photosynthetic electron transport chain
- reactive oxygen species