Forced inspiratory flow volume curve in healthy young children

Daphna Vilozni, Ori Efrati, Asher Barak, Yakov Yahav, Arie Augarten, Lea Bentur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Spirometry testing should include both expiratory and inspiratory measurements. Inspiratory forced maneuvers can demonstrate extrathoracic airway abnormalities, of which various symptoms may suggest asthma. However, the inspiratory portion of the forced flow/volume maneuver in young healthy children has not yet been described. Objectives: To document and analyze the forced inspiratory flow volume curve indices in healthy young children. Settings and Participants: Healthy preschool children (age 2.5-6.5 years) from community kindergartens around Israel. Methods: The teaching method included multi-target, interactive spirometry games and accessory games for inspiration (e.g., inspiratory whistle). Results: One hundred and fourteen out of a total of 157 children performed duplicate full adequate inspiratory maneuvers. Repeatability between two maneuvers was 5.6%, 4.0%, 5.1%, 7.3% for inspiratory capacity (IC), forced inspiratory vital capacity (FIVC), peak inspiratory flow (PIF), and mid inspiratory flow (FIF50). Inspiratory flow indices were significantly lower than the expiratory flow indices. The time to reach PIF was significantly longer (mean ± SD; 229 ± 21 msec) than the time to reach peak expiratory flow (92 ± 8 msec; P< 0.0001). The shape of the inspiratory curve was parabolic and did not vary with age. The formed predicted equations were in agreement with the extrapolated values for older healthy children. Conclusions: The majority of healthy young children can perform reliable maximum inspiratory flow volume curves. Our results provide a framework of reference equations for maximum inspiratory flow volume curve in the young children. The clinical applications of these equations have to be explored.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-111
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2009


  • Computer games
  • Inspiratory spirometry
  • Preschool children


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