Food resources, distribution and seasonal variations in ranging in lion-tailed macaques, Macaca silenus in the Western Ghats, India

Joseph J. Erinjery, T. S. Kavana, Mewa Singh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The distribution and availability of food was examined to see how it influenced ranging patterns and sleeping site selection in a group of lion-tailed macaques. The home range and core area were 130.48 ha (95 % kernel) and 26.68 ha (50 % kernel) respectively. The lion-tailed macaques had a longer day range, had a greater number of sleeping sites and used more core areas in the summer as compared to the monsoon and the post-monsoon seasons. The ranging patterns and sleeping site use were influenced by the major food resources used in a particular season. The ranging was mainly influenced by Artocarpus heterophyllus in monsoon, Cullenia exarillata and Toona ciliata in post- monsoon, and Artocarpus heterophyllus and Ficus amplissima in summer. The distribution of these four plant species is, therefore, critical to ranging, and thus to conservation of the lion-tailed macaque.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-54
Number of pages10
JournalPrimates
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Daily travel path length
  • Feeding ecology
  • Food availability
  • Home range
  • Keystone species
  • Sleeping site use

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