Food, economy, and culture at Tel Dor, Israel: A diachronic study of faunal remains from 15 centuries of occupation

Lidar Sapir-Hen, Guy Bar-Oz, Ilan Sharon, Ayelet Gilboa, Tamar Dayan

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25 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a study of the cultural and economic changes from a longue durée perspective as refected in the animal remains from a nearly continuous occupation spanning the early Iron Age through the Roman period at Tel Dor, a harbor town on Israel's Carmel coast. Such long-term zooarchaeological analyses are currently rare. Focusing on the choice of food, as well as on animal exploitation methods/strategies, the paper asks whether changes through time can be explained in economic or cultural terms, whether they can be correlated with changes in the site's material culture, whether they reflect some change in the site's population, or should be explained in terms of the adoption of new cultural norms. The results demonstrate that during a millennium and a half of Dor's existence, there was very little change in most patterns of animal exploitation and consumption. The only apparent change was in the increase in pig remains between the early Iron Age and the Hellenistic and Roman periods. In view of the constancy in all other exploitation characteristics, and in light of other data from Dor, the paper suggests that this change does not reflect a change in the site's population but rather the adoption of new norms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-101
Number of pages19
JournalBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
Volume371
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

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